ENMA - Engineering, Materials

ENMA150 Materials of Civilization (3 Credits)

The discovery of new materials has shaped history and built civilizations. The utilization, properties and production techniques of materials from the Bronze Age up through modern times and into the future will be traced. These materials are explained by considering their atomic structure, the binding forces between atoms and their arrangement, and how controlling the structure controls the materials properties.

ENMA180 Materials Science and Engineering: The Field and the Future (1 Credit)

Overview of the profession and the components of the Materials Science and Engineering program. Students will become familiar with the departmental faculty, areas of specialization within MSE, professional society student chapter, research opportunities and other resources available to students.

Restriction: Must be in a major in ENGR-A. James Clark School of Engineering.

ENMA300 Introduction to Materials Engineering (3 Credits)

Structure of materials, chemical composition, phase transformations, corrosion and mechanical properties of metals, ceramics, polymers and related materials. Materials selection in engineering applications.

Prerequisite: ENES100; and permission of ENGR-Materials Science & Engineering department.

Corequisite: MATH241.

Recommended: PHYS261 and PHYS260. Also offered as: ENME382.

Credit Only Granted for: ENMA300 or ENME382.

ENMA301 Modern Materials Engineering (3 Credits)

Five topical areas will be presented, each leading up to specific applications that have recently come to market or are currently experiencing heavy research and development. The goal of each module will be to introduce the basic materials science principles necessary to understand these new areas.

Prerequisite: ENMA180; or students who have taken courses with comparable content may contact the department. And ENMA300; and permission of ENGR-Materials Science & Engineering department.

ENMA310 Materials Laboratory I: Structural Characterization (3 Credits)

Characterization of the structure of materials including both single crystal and polycrystalline materials. Laboratories will include x-ray and electron diffraction and microscopy.

Prerequisite: ENMA300.

Corequisite: ENMA460.

Restriction: Junior standing or higher.

ENMA311 Materials Laboratory II: Electromagnetic Properties (3 Credits)

Characterization of the electromagnetic properties of materials. Laboratories will include measurements of electrical and transport properties, index of refraction, and magnetic properties.

Prerequisite: ENMA310 and ENMA460.

Restriction: Junior standing or higher.

ENMA312 Experimental Methods in Materials Science (3 Credits)

Introduction to experimental methods in materials characterization; synthesis of colloidal nanoparticles; X-ray diffraction and light scattering; optical microscopy; thermal conductivity and expansion; electrical measurements; heat capacity; computational materials design.

Prerequisite: ENMA300.

Corequisite: ENMA460.

Restriction: Junior standing or higher.

ENMA315 Archeology meets Technology: Introduction to Archeometry (3 Credits)

Focuses on the application of scientific methods of analysis to archaeological materials including bone, stone, pottery, and metal. Methods include absolute dating, remote sensing, optical and SEM microscopy, elemental and isotopic analysis. Laboratory sections provide hands-on experience with a variety of archaeological materials and analytical methods.

Prerequisite: Permission of ENGR-Materials Science & Engineering department.

Recommended: Some knowledge of archaeology and archaeological methods, geology or chemistry is useful, but not required.

ENMA362 Mechanical Properties (3 Credits)

Overview of Mechanical Behavior, Elastic Behavior, Dislocations, Plastic Deformation, Strengthening of Crystalline Materials, Composite Materials, High Temperature Deformation of Crystalline Materials, Permanent Deformation of Noncrystalline Materials, Tensile Fracture at Low Temperatures, Engineering Aspects of Fracture, High Temperature Fracture, Fatigue, and Experimental determination of Mechanical Properties including Hardness of Metals and Strength of Metals, Polymers, Ceramics and Composites.

Prerequisite: ENMA300.

Restriction: Junior standing or higher; and permission of ENGR-Materials Science & Engineering department.

ENMA386 Experiential Learning (3-6 Credits)

ENMA400 Introduction to Atomistic Modeling in Materials (3 Credits)

This is an introductory course designed to study atomistic modeling and simulation techniques used in materials research. This course covers the theories, methods, and applications of atomistic-scale modeling techniques in simulating, understanding, and predicting the properties of materials. Specific topics include: molecular statics using empirical force fields; quantum mechanical methods including density functional theory; molecular dynamics simulations; and Monte Carlo and kinetic Monte Carlo modeling.

Prerequisite: ENMA300, MATH206, and ENMA460.

Recommended: Basic knowledge in quantum mechanics (preferred but not required); basic knowledge in statistical mechanics (preferred but not required). Also offered as: ENMA600.

Credit Only Granted for: ENMA489A, ENMA400, ENMA698A, or ENMA600.

Formerly: ENMA489A.

ENMA410 Materials for Energy I (3 Credits)

The goal is to demonstrate the role of materials in solving one of the most critical socio-economic issues of our time, affordable and sustainable energy. There will be a discussion of U.S. and global energy and related environmental issues. Topics covered include: fuel cells and batteries (electrochemical energy conversion and storage); catalysts and membrane separations (fossil fuel and biomass energy conversion); and nuclear fuels.

Prerequisite: Minimum grade of C- in ENMA300; and permission of ENGR-Materials Science & Engineering department.

Credit Only Granted for: ENMA410 or ENMA489H.

Formerly: ENMA 489H.

ENMA411 Materials for Energy II (3 Credits)

Demonstrates the role of materials in solving one of the most critical socio-economic issues of our time, affordable and sustainable energy. Materials for Energy is a two-part course based on material functionality; however, they are independent and neither is a prerequisite for the other. Materials for Energy II will focus on electrical, optical, thermal, and mechanically functional materials for energy devices. Solar cells, solar fuel, solar thermal, energy efficient lighting, building energy, thermoelectric and wind energy will be covered.

Prerequisite: Minimum grade of C- in ENMA300; and permission of ENGR-Materials Science & Engineering department.

Credit Only Granted for: ENMA411 or ENMA489I.

Formerly: ENMA489I.

ENMA412 Fundamentals of Photovoltaics (3 Credits)

Overview of the fundamentals of photovoltaic devices, including principles of operation, with emphasis on the materials science aspects of the different technologies available.

Prerequisite: ENMA300; and permission of ENGR-Materials Science & Engineering department.

ENMA414 Introduction to Solid State Ionics (3 Credits)

Solid State Ionics is the study of point defects in crystalline and non-crystalline solids; defect equilibria and transport; the influence of chemical and electric potentials, interfaces, and association; and the application of ionically conducting solids in solid-state electrochemical transducer systems and devices.

Prerequisite: ENMA300; and permission of ENGR-Materials Science & Engineering department.

Credit Only Granted for: ENMA414 or ENMA489W.

Formerly: ENMA489W.

ENMA421 Design of Composites (3 Credits)

Fundamentals of design, processing and selection composite materials for structural applications will be covered. The topics include a review of all classes of materials, an in-depth analysis of micro and macro mechanical behavior including interactions at the two-phase interfaces, modeling of composite morphologies for optimal microstructures, material aspects, cost considerations, processing methods including consideration of chemical reactions and stability of the interfaces, and materials selection considerations.

Restriction: Permission of ENGR-Materials Science & Engineering department.

Credit Only Granted for: ENMA421 or ENMA489A.

Formerly: ENMA489A.

ENMA422 Radiation Effects of Materials (3 Credits)

Ionizing radiation, radiation dosimetry and sensors, radiation processing, radiation effects on: polymers, metals, semiconductors, liquids, and gases. Radiation in advanced manufacturing, radiation-physical technology.

Prerequisite: ENMA300; and permission of ENGR-Materials Science & Engineering department.

Credit Only Granted for: ENMA422 or ENMA489E.

Formerly: ENMA489E.

ENMA423 Manufacturing with Polymers (3 Credits)

Study of the process of engineering design and development of polymer formulations. Knowledge of commodity polymers and their physical properties, ability to design an extrusion process, develop the economics of a polymer manufacturing process, develop a working knowledge of characterization techniques for determination of physical and mechanical properties of polymers.

Prerequisite: ENMA300; or permission of ENGR-Materials Science & Engineering department.

Credit Only Granted for: ENMA423 and ENMA489R.

Formerly: ENMA489R.

ENMA425 Introduction to Biomaterials (3 Credits)

Examination of materials used in humans and other biological systems in terms of the relationships between structure, fundamental properties and functional behavior. Replacement materials such as implants, assistive devices such as insulin pumps and pacemakers, drug delivery systems, biosensors, engineered materials such as artificial skin and bone growth scaffolds, and biocompatibility will be covered.

Recommended: ENMA300.

Restriction: Permission of ENGR-Materials Science & Engineering department.

Credit Only Granted for: BIOE453, CHBE457, or ENMA425.

ENMA426 Reliability of Materials (3 Credits)

Students are taught the basic degradation mechanisms of materials, through the understanding of the physics, chemistry, mechanics of such mechanisms. Mechanical failure mechanisms concentrate on fatigue, and creep. Chemical failure mechanisms emphasize corrosion and oxidation. Physical mechanisms such as diffusion, electromigration, defects and defect migration, surface trapping mechanisms, charge creation and migration are also included.

Restriction: Permission of ENGR-Materials Science & Engineering department.

Credit Only Granted for: ENMA426 or ENMA489R.

Formerly: ENMA489R.

ENMA430 Nanosized Materials (3 Credits)

Practical aspects of nanoscale materials fabrication and utilization will be covered. It presents various approaches for the synthesis of nanoparticles, nanowires, and nanotubes, and discusses the unique properties observed in these structures and devices made with them.

Prerequisite: PHYS431 or ENMA460; and (CHEM231 or CHEM481).

Credit Only Granted for: ENMA430 or ENMA489G.

Formerly: ENMA489G.

ENMA431 Nanomechanics of Biomaterials (3 Credits)

Focuses on the latest scientific developments and discoveries in the nanoscale structure and properties of biological materials. The course begins with introductory lectures on the various nanostructures of biomaterials, and their physiological roles under mechanical forces. General aspects of biopolymers, protein folding, and self-assembly are also covered. Next, a series of in-depth lectures are presented on the characterization methods of nanomechanical properties using single molecule techniques. Finally, current applications of nanobiomaterials in the area of molecular machines, molecular self-assembly, and nanoscaffold are discussed.

Prerequisite: ENMA300; and permission of ENGR-Materials Science & Engineering department.

Credit Only Granted for: ENMA431 or ENMA489B.

Formerly: ENMA489B.

ENMA440 Nano Plasma Processing of Materials (3 Credits)

Sustaining mechanisms of plasmas are covered, especially low-pressure electrical gas discharges, fundamental plasma physics, sheath formation, electric and magnetic field effects, plasma-surface interactions in chemically reactive systems, plasma diagnostic techniques and selected industrial applications of low pressure plasmas.

Restriction: Permission of ENGR-Materials Science & Engineering department.

Credit Only Granted for: ENMA440, ENMA489P, ENMA640, or ENMA698P.

Formerly: ENMA489P.

ENMA441 Characterization of Materials (3 Credits)

Techniques to characterize the properties of materials whose characteristic dimensions range from nanometers to macroscopic. These include conventional crystalline and noncrystalline materials, with a special attention to materials of current technological interest. The course will include recent results from the scientific literature.

Prerequisite: ENMA300.

Restriction: Permission of ENGR-Materials Science & Engineering department; and senior standing.

Credit Only Granted for: ENMA489T or ENMA441.

Formerly: ENMA489T.

ENMA442 Nanomaterials (3 Credits)

An exploration of materials whose structure places them at the boundary between small objects and large molecules. Having characteristic dimensions in the range of 1-100 nanometers, these materials are difficult to synthesize and characterize but are nevertheless at the forefront of science and technology in many fields. Also, the methods for creating, manipulating and measuring these materials with an emphasis on the current scientific literature will be covered. The novel properties and potential applications will also be addressed.

Restriction: Permission of ENGR-Materials Science & Engineering department.

Credit Only Granted for: ENMA442 or ENMA489N.

Formerly: ENMA489N.

ENMA443 Phontonic Materials, Devices and Reliability (3 Credits)

The course focuses on the understanding of the basic optical processes in semiconductors, dielectrics and organic materials. The application of such materials in systems composed of waveguides, light emitting diodes and lasers, as well as modulators is developed.

Restriction: Permission of ENGR-Materials Science & Engineering department; and junior standing or higher.

Credit Only Granted for: ENMA443 or ENMA489Z.

Formerly: ENMA489Z.

ENMA445 Liquid Crystals and Structured Soft Materials (3 Credits)

Elective course on the properties and behavior of liquid crystals and related soft materials, and their relationship to biomaterials and to applications.

Prerequisite: MATH246, PHYS270, and PHYS271.

Restriction: Permission of ENGR-Materials Science & Engineering department.

Credit Only Granted for: ENMA445 or ENMA489L.

Formerly: ENMA489L.

ENMA460 Physics of Solid Materials (3 Credits)

Classes of materials; introduction to basic ideal and real materials' behavior including mechanical, electrical, thermal, magnetic and optical responses of materials; importance of microstructure in behavior. One application of each property will be discussed in detail.

Prerequisite: PHYS271, PHYS270, and MATH241.

Restriction: Junior standing or higher; and must be in Engineering: Materials Science program. Also offered as: PHYS431.

Credit Only Granted for: ENMA460 or PHYS431.

ENMA461 Thermodynamics of Materials (3 Credits)

Thermodynamic aspects of materials; basic concepts and their application in design and processing of materials and systems. Topics include: energy, entropy, adiabatic and isothermal processes, internal and free energy, heat capacity, phase equilibria and surfaces and interfaces.

Prerequisite: ENMA300.

Restriction: Junior standing or higher.

ENMA462 Smart Materials (3 Credits)

A fundamental understanding will be provided as it relates to the following topics: ferroic materials, ferromagnets, ferroelectric materials, shape memory alloys and multiferroic materials that are simultaneously ferromagnetic and ferroelectric. The ferroic properties will be discussed on an atomic, nano- and micro-scales so that actual and potential applications on those scales become clear. Examples of those applications will be presented.

Restriction: Permission of ENGR-Materials Science & Engineering department.

Credit Only Granted for: ENMA462 or ENMA489B.

Formerly: ENMA489B.

ENMA463 Macroprocessing of Materials (3 Credits)

Processing of modern, bulk engineering materials. Raw materials, forming, firing, finishing and joining. More emphasis on metals and ceramics than polymers.

Prerequisite: ENMA300.

Restriction: Junior standing or higher.

ENMA464 Environmental Effects on Engineering Materials (3 Credits)

Introduction to the phenomena associated with the resistance of materials to damage under severe environmental conditions. Oxidation, corrosion, stress corrosion, corrosion fatigue and radiation damage are examined from the point of view of mechanism and influence on the properties of materials. Methods of corrosion protection and criteria for selection of materials for use in radiation environments.

Prerequisite: ENMA300. Or permission of ENGR-Materials Science & Engineering department; and permission of instructor.

ENMA465 Microprocessing Materials (3 Credits)

Micro and nanoscale processing of materials. Emphasis on thin film processing for advanced technologies.

Prerequisite: ENMA300.

Restriction: Permission of ENGR-Materials Science & Engineering department.

Credit Only Granted for: ENMA363, ENMA489B, or ENMA465.

Formerly: ENMA363.

ENMA466 Advanced Materials Fabrication Laboratory (3 Credits)

This course allows students an opportunity to study advanced materials systems in depth through a combination of lectures and hands-on laboratory experiments. Students will be trained in materials processing and characterization techniques. Each student will fabricate materials and devices in our state-of-the-art nanofabrication clean room facility (Fablab), as well as evaluate them using a variety of characterization techniques.

Prerequisite: ENMA465; and permission of ENGR-Materials Science & Engineering department.

ENMA470 Materials Selection for Engineering Design (3 Credits)

Students will learn about materials classes, properties, limitations and applications and the methodology of materials selection in engineering design.

Prerequisite: ENMA300; and permission of ENGR-Materials Science & Engineering department.

Credit Only Granted for: ENMA 470 or ENMA 489O.

Formerly: ENMA 489O.

ENMA471 Kinetics, Diffusion and Phase Transformations (3 Credits)

Fundamentals of diffusion, the kinetics of reactions including nucleation and growth and phase transformations in materials.

Prerequisite: Must have completed or be concurrently enrolled in ENMA461.

Restriction: Junior standing or higher; or permission of ENGR-Materials Science & Engineering department.

ENMA472 Additive Manufacturing of Materials Course Information (3 Credits)

Additive manufacturing approaches for metals, ceramics and polymers will be explored in terms of manufacturability and how processing parameters affect microstructure and properties. The course will include projects, including a Terrapin Works project to design and build a part, to develop an understanding of the current state of additive manufacturing, its future promise and its limitations.

Prerequisite: ENMA300.

Restriction: Must be in Engineering: Materials Science program.

Credit Only Granted for: ENMA472 or ENMA672.

ENMA473 Engineering Using High Strength Metals and Alloys (3 Credits)

This is a class focused on the materials engineering challenges of applying high strength metals and alloys to solutions. The extraordinary properties of these alloys derive from (1) highly metastable microstructures, (2) high strengths and melting points of the base metals, (3) complicated processing and fabrication procedures, and (4) their resulting complex behavior in extreme environments. This course will give you the knowledge base you need to select, apply and troubleshoot the performance of high strength metals and alloys in a variety of applications.

Prerequisite: ENMA300; and permission of ENGR-Materials Science & Engineering department.

ENMA474 Introduction to Computational Materials Science (3 Credits)

This is an introductory course aiming for junior and senior undergraduate students to study atomistic modeling and simulation techniques that are used in materials science. This course covers the theories and applications of atomistic scale modeling techniques to simulate, understand, and predict the properties of materials. Topics include: molecular statics, quantum mechanical methods, molecular dynamics simulations and Monte Carlo simulations.

Restriction: Permission of ENGR-Materials Science & Engineering department.

Credit Only Granted for: ENMA474 or ENMA489A.

Formerly: ENMA489A.

ENMA475 Fundamentals of Diffraction Techniques in Materials Science (3 Credits)

This course looks at the advanced methods of x-ray scattering/diffraction available thanks to the more powerful sources available to us. The availability of these sources enables us to study liquid crystals, polymers, nanomaterials, quasiorganized materials (including nano) and disordered materials.

Prerequisite: MATH246, PHYS270, and PHYS271.

Restriction: Permission of ENGR-Materials Science & Engineering department.

Credit Only Granted for: ENMA475 or ENMA489M.

Formerly: ENMA489M.

ENMA481 Introduction to Electronic and Optical Materials (3 Credits)

Electronic, optical and magnetic properties of materials. Emphasis on materials for advanced optoelectronic and magnetic devices and the relationship between properties and the processing/fabrication conditions.

Prerequisite: ENMA300; or students who have taken courses with comparable content may contact the department.

ENMA482 Introduction to Electron Microscopy (3 Credits)

An introduction of the basic principles of operation for modern electron microscopes. Details will be given on the construction of microscopes, their basic operation, and the types of questions that can be addressed with an electron microscope. Emphasis will be placed on a conceptual understanding of the underlying theories. Where appropriate, mathematical descriptions will be utilized. Upon completion of this course, students will be excepted to have a basic understanding sufficient to give interpretations of microscopy images and to suggest the correct tool or approach for certain research studies.

Prerequisite: PHYS142, PHYS122, or PHYS260.

Credit Only Granted for: ENMA482 or ENMA489J.

Formerly: ENMA489J.

ENMA484 Fundamentals of Finite Element Modeling (3 Credits)

A brief review of mechanical behavior of materials, introduction to Finite Element Modeling (FEM), and procedures for predicting mechanical behavior of materials by FEM using computer software (at present ANSYS). The FEM procedures include, setting up the model, mesh generation, data input and interpretation of the results.

Restriction: Permission of ENGR-Materials Science & Engineering department.

Credit Only Granted for: ENMA484 or ENMA489F.

Formerly: ENMA489F.

ENMA487 Capstone Preparation (1 Credit)

In preparation for the senior level design course, students will do background research and develop white papers from which teams will form around short listed design projects. The projects should focus on a society, industry, military or technological based problem in Materials Science and Engineering leading to a design and strategy to address the problem in the following course, ENMA 490. The course will include written and oral presentations of the white papers and team proposals.

Restriction: Must be in Engineering: Materials Science program; and senior standing; and permission of ENGR-Materials Science & Engineering department.

ENMA489 Selected Topics in Engineering Materials (3 Credits)

Selected topics of current importance in materials science and engineering.

Restriction: Permission of ENGR-Materials Science & Engineering department.

Repeatable to: 12 credits if content differs.

ENMA490 Materials Design (3 Credits)

Capstone design course. Students work in teams on projects evaluating a society or industry based materials problem and then design and evaluate a strategy to minimize or eliminate the problem; includes written and oral presentations.

Prerequisite: Minimum grade of C- in ENMA487.

Restriction: Senior standing.

ENMA495 Polymeric Engineering Materials I (3 Credits)

Study of polymeric engineering materials and the relationship to structural type. Elasticity, viscoelasticity, anelasticity and plasticity of single and multiphase materials. Emphasis is on polymetric materials.

Prerequisite: ENMA300.

Restriction: Permission of ENGR-Materials Science & Engineering department.

ENMA499 Senior Laboratory Project (1-3 Credits)

Students work with a faculty member on an individual laboratory project in one or more of the areas of engineering materials. Students will design and carry out experiments, interpret data and prepare a comprehensive laboratory report.

Restriction: Senior standing.